Children can be prone to injuries in the home. Most aren't serious, but it is worth keeping a first aid kit. Especially in summertime, when children tend to play outdoors - be prepared for bumps and grazed knees galore!

This guide from the HSE will help you deal with minor injuries by making sure you have a well-stocked first aid kit in your home:

Your first aid box should be waterproof and easy to carry. You should keep it locked and store it out of the reach of children. If someone else is caring for your children, let them know where you keep the kit. Many people also keep a small first aid kit in their car for emergencies.

Don't store medication in your kit: Don't store medication in your first aid kit. This is because a child might take medication from it. It could happen while you are attending to another child who is injured. Keep all medication in a locked cupboard.

Wash your hands properly before and after giving first aid.

Check use-by dates: Remember to keep your first aid kit up to date. Replace used items and check use-by dates of all medicines. Throw away anything past its use-by date.

First aid manual: An easy-to-use guide can help refresh your memory when panic and a crying child make it hard to remember what to do. You could print out this HSE child safety first aid guide and keep it with your first aid box.

Emergency phone numbers list: Put a list of emergency phone numbers into the kit.

The numbers should include:


Hand sanitiser: Remember to wash your hands before and after you give first aid. If you do not have access to water, hand sanitiser is a good option.

Disposable gloves: Gloves can protect you from infection when giving first aid.

Antiseptic cream or spray: Antiseptic cream or spray can be applied to cuts or grazes after cleaning. This will help prevent infection. Some may also help to numb pain.

The best first aid treatment for burns is placing it under cool running water for 20 minutes. Burn gels or hydrogels should only be used if you are not near cool running water. Cool running water should then be applied when it is available.

Antiseptic wipes: Antiseptic wipes are a handy way to clean cuts and grazes and help prevent infection. To use them, take a fresh wipe and clean the wound. Work gently away from the centre to remove dirt and germs.

Absorbent pads: Use absorbent pads to lightly apply pressure to a wound that is bleeding. Do this until the bleeding stops. Make sure there is no object stuck in the wound first.

Thermometer: Use a digital or electronic thermometer. These are quick and accurate. You can also use them under the armpit. Always place the thermometer under the armpit for children under 5. Avoid using mercury thermometers. If a mercury thermometer breaks, it can be poisonous.

Saline solution and eye bath: This is useful for washing specks of dust or loose particles out of sore eyes.

For your fridge and freezer: Ice packs, or a packet of frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel, can be used for minor head injuries. They can be used for short periods of time regularly for the first few days. They can help to bring down any swelling.

Remember, if in doubt, or if you're in any way concerned about your child's injury always call your GP.